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Parodia mammulosa
(Lamaire) N. P. Taylor 1987
Photograph Parodia mammulosa in habitat

2006, Uruguay, Rivera

 

Surveys

2006, Uruguay, Rivera, Rivera, A&M 68 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
01-0212
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
02-0213
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
03-0210
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
04-0214
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
05-0205
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
06-0186
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
07-0177

 

2006, Uruguay, Rivera, Tranqueras, A&M 72 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
08-0247
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
09-0241
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
10-0295
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
11-0243
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
12-0253
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
13-0264
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
14-0256
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
15-0228
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
16-0261
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
17-0270
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
18-0297
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
19-0291

 

2006, Uruguay, Rivera, Tranqueras, A&M 76 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
20-0339
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
21-0335

 

2008, Uruguay, Cerro Largo, Aceguá, A&M 271 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
22-a0421
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
23-a0422
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
24-a0426
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
25-a0427
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
26-a0428

 

2008, Uruguay, Tacuarembó, old road between Valle Eden and Tambores, A&M 281 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
27-a0794
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
28-a0795
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
29-a0790
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
30-a0791
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
31-a0800
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
32-a0802
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
33-a0806

 

2008, Uruguay, Rivera, Rivera, A&M 290 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
34-a1233
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
35-a1228
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
36-a1229
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
37-a1230
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
38-a1226
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
39-a1235
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
40-a1246
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
41-a1249
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
42-a1254
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
43-a1284
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
44-a1285
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
45-a1288
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
46-a1305
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
47-a1306

 

2011, Argentina, Córdoba, Capilla del Monte, A&M 354 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
48-1020304
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
49-1020297
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
50-1020296
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
51-1020295

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Lavras do Sul, A&M 802 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
52-1170580
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
53-1170584
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
54-1170586
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
55-1170576
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
56-1170575
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
57-1170588
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
58-1170589
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
59-1170569
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
60-1170591
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
61-1170595
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
62-1170596
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
63-1170693

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Santana do Livramento, A&M 807 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
64-1170763
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
65-1170764
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
66-1170762

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Santana do Livramento, A&M 813 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
67-1180036
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
68-1180037
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
69-1180043
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
70-1180047
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
71-1180053
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
72-1180056
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
73-1180062

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Santana do Livramento, A&M 817 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
74-1180184
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
75-1180185

 

2013, Argentina, San Luis, La Carolina, A&M 927 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
76-1220842
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
77-1220852
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
78-1220854
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
79-1220856
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
80-1220857

 

2013, Argentina, San Luis, La Carolina, A&M 930 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
81-1220949
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
82-1220948

 

2013, Argentina, San Luis, Inti Huasi, A&M 934 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
83-1230217
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
84-1230218
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
85-1230230
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
86-1230232
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
87-1230235

 

2014, Argentina, San Luis, El Volcan, A&M 949 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
88-1240237
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
89-1240239
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
90-1240250
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
91-1240254

 

2014, Argentina, Buenos Aires, Olavarria, A&M 953 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
92-1240316
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
93-1240320
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
94-1240319
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
95-1240325
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
96-1240323

 

2014, Argentina, Buenos Aires, Olavarria, A&M 955 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
97-1240352
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
98-1240351
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
99-1240349
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
100-1240355

 

2014, Argentina, Buenos Aires, Olavarria, A&M 957 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
101-1240415
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
102-1240416

 

2014, Argentina, Buenos Aires, Balcarce, A&M 965 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
103-1240800
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
104-1240810
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
105-1240807
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
106-1240802

 

2014, Uruguay, Río Negro, Nuevo Berlín, A&M 966 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
107-1250033
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
108-1250035
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
109-1250045
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
110-1250037
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
111-1250043
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
112-1240872
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
113-1240885
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
114-1240894
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
115-1240926
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
116-1240910
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
117-1240914
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
118-1240916
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
119-1240930
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
120-1250047
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
121-1250049
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
122-1250052
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
123-1250017
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
124-1250015
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
125-1250019
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
126-1250025
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
127-1250071
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
128-1250067
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
129-1250076
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
130-1250079
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
131-1250093
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
132-1250095
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
133-1250094
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
134-1250055
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
135-1240951
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
136-1240958
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
137-1240963

 

2015, Argentina, Córdoba, Tanti, A&M 1246 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
138-1330824
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
139-1330830
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
140-1330825
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
141-1330827

 

2015, Argentina, Córdoba, north east of Las Palmas, A&M 1256 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
142-1340018
Preview photo Parodia mammulosa
143-1340017

 

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Synonyms

Echinocactus mammulosus*, Malacocarpus mammulosus, Notocactus mammulosus, Ritterocactus mammulosus, Notocactus albigemmatus, Parodia brasiliensis, Parodia mammulosa ssp. brasiliensis, Notocactus mammulosus ssp. brasiliensis, Ritterocactus mammulosus ssp. brasiliensis, Notocactus mammulosus var. brasiliensis, Parodia mammulosa ssp. erythracantha, Notocactus erythracanthus, Notocactus mammulosus ssp. erythracanthus, Ritterocactus mammulosus ssp. erythracanthus, Notocactus euvelenovskyi, Echinocactus floricomus, Notocactus floricomus, Echinocactus hypocrateriformis, Notocactus hypocrateriformis, Notocactus macambarensis, Notocactus megalanthus, Ritterocactus megalanthus, Parodia submammulosa ssp. minor, Notocactus submammulosus ssp. minor, Notocactus mueller-moelleri, Echinocactus pampeanus, Notocactus pampeanus, Notocactus paulus, Notocactus ritterianus, Notocactus roseoluteus, Notocactus herteri ssp. roseoluteus, Parodia submammulosa, Parodia mammulosa ssp. submammulosa, Echinocactus submammulosus, Notocactus submammulosus, Ritterocactus mammulosus ssp. submammulosus, Parodia turecekiana, Notocactus turecekianus, Notocactus mammulosus ssp. turecekianus.
* Basionym

Distribution

Argentina ( Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Córdoba, Entre Ríos, La Pampa, Mendoza, Rio Negro, San Luis), Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay

Conservation status

(4)   Least Concern, LC

Comments

The taxon identified by Van Vliet (1970), as Notocactus orthacanthus (Link & Otto) Van Vliet (basionym Echinocactus orthacanthus Link & Otto), is in our opinion an infra-populational form of Parodia mammulosa (Lemaire) N. P. Taylor. Since the publication of E. orthacanthus was in 1827, i.e. earlier than Echinocactus mammulosus Lemaire (1838), one of the most famous and dominant species of the genus Parodia Spegazzini, should change its name. This idea had already been advanced by Hofacker at the time of the publication of Parodia othacantha (Link & Otto) Hofacker (2003, 54 (9): 225). Hunt (2005, 20: 22-23) has however pointed out that in the absence of preserved material as holotype in the original protologue of E. orthacanthus, the accompanying illustration must serve as lectotype; and after having designated it (ibid.: 23), he emphasizes the precedence over the neo-typification made by Van Vliet. Now, the drawing in question (1827, 3: 427, tab. 18, indicated as "Melocactus orthacanthus"), shows a very difficult plant to identify, and since the origin is "Montevideo", it could therefore represent a Notocactus (K. Schumann) Fric, the attribution of Van Vliet appears speculative. In accordance with Hunt, we believe that E. orthacanthus should be considered an ill-typified name, and should be rejected. (Quoted from: Anceschi & Magli 2013b, 75)
Our understanding of the relationships within the complex of taxa next to Parodia mammulosa is published in “The position of Parodia turecekiana in the Parodia mammulosa complex” on The Cactus Explorer 13: 60-73 (2014).
Downlodable here: The Cactus Explorer 13 (2,5 MB)

Parodia mammulosa (Lamaire) N. P. Taylor represents one of the 62 accepted species in our synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Cactaceae), published in Bradleya 36/2018, pages 70-161. For an update and more informations in our understanding of the taxon (see on pages 114-117, 154), the full text of the article is available here: A synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Cactaceae). (PDF 4.5MB).
October 2018

Parodia mammulosa (Lamaire) N. P. Taylor is one of the five dominant species of the genus Parodia Spegazzini. We treated Darwin’s concept of dominant species within Parodia s.l. in our article “Dominant species in Parodia Spegazzini s.l. Cactaceae” published in CactusWorld Vol. 38(4) Special Issue: 3-26 (December 2020). The full text is available here.
January 2021

In our article “The position of Parodia turecekiana in the Parodia mammulosa complex” (Anceschi & Magli 2014, 13: 60–73), we conceive the complex of the dominant Parodia mammulosa (Lemaire) N. P. Taylor as consisting of two internal vicariants (i.e. submammulosa and turecekiana populations) and two close relatives, the future external vicariants in our synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Anceschi & Magli 2018, 36: 70-161), (i.e. Parodia mueller-melchersii (Fric ex Backeb.) N. P. Taylor and Parodia maldonadensis (Herter) Hofacker. A third external vicariant (i.e. Parodia curvispina(F. Ritter) D. R. Hunt, has been added to the already mentioned synopsis of the genus, published in Bradleya (ibidem: 93). In the article, we presented for the first time within our system, the idea of the dominant species in the Darwinian evolutionary sense (Darwin, 1859), divided (when present) into its internal vicariants (geographical races, subspecies, demes or populations of a species), and related to its external vicariants (here still defined close relatives of the taxon), starting from the concept of vicariance expressed in Hennig's definition of species, that is “The species would therefore be defined as a complex of spatially distributed reproductive communities, or if we call this relationship in space ‘vicariance’ as a complex of vicarying communities of reproduction.” (1966: 47). Substantially, defining one or more taxa as internal vicariants is recognizing that at least potentially (Mayr 1942: 120) all these components might cross each other as part of the same biological unit. Being part of the same biological unit, the internal vicariants are not taxonomically distinct from the dominant, and are reported only through the use of the informal term "populations" (i.e. turecekiana populations for example). For close relatives of the taxon (the external vicariants), we mean: the taxa probably belonging to the same ancestral line with which, despite the morphological and territorial proximity, a potential genetic flow is not evident, or it is not assumed. In what way, apart from the alleged potential of crossing (or not), it would possible to distinguish between all the populations in question, an internal vicariant of a species from a close relative (or external vicariant) of the same species. In this and other cases highlighted in our penultimate booklet (Anceschi & Magli 2013a, 31-32), if molecular tests are missing or insufficient, to investigate such low levels of genetic relationships, comparative holomorphy between semaphoronts (Hennig 1966: 66-67) can be used as an accessory science to recognize genetic relationships that are to be presented in the taxonomic system. In the case of P. mammulosa, we are led to assess the populations submammulosa and turecekiana as internal vicariants of the system because the semaphoronts which are identifiers of the two groups are actually found even among populations of the type species. In the case of P. mueller-melchersii and P. maldonadensis, however, increased genetic autonomy is inferred by the fact that some semaphoronts which are identifiers of the taxa are not found in P. mammulosa (i.e. the winkleri and veeniana forms of P. mueller-melchersii, and the woolly crown of P. maldonadensis).
See the article for more information. Below is a summary of the implications for the genus Parodia.

To be transferred to the synonomy of Parodia mammulosa:
Parodia turecekiana
Notocactus turecekianus
Notocactus mammulosus ssp. turecekianus

(Quoted from Anceschi & Magli 2021, 77-78)

Genus

Parodia

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