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Parodia haselbergii
(Rümpler) F. H. Brandt 1982
Photograph Parodia haselbergii in habitat

2008, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul

 

Surveys

2008, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Canela, A&M 255 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
01-9894
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
02-9896

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Caxias do Sul, A&M 820 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
03-1180315
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
04-1180326
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
05-1180331
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
06-1180321
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
07-1180322
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
08-1180332
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
09-1180312
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
10-1180328
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
11-1180330
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
12-1180334
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
13-1180337
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
14-1180381
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
15-1180302
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
16-1180303
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
17-1180305
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
18-1180306
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
19-1180309
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
20-1180311
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
21-1180343
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
22-1180346
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
23-1180341
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
24-1180342
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
25-1180348
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
26-1180350
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
27-1180362
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
28-1180352
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
29-1180355
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
30-1180366
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
31-1180369
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
32-1180371
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
33-1180373
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
34-1180376
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
35-1180392
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
36-1180400
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
37-1180406
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
38-1180412
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
39-1180421
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
40-1180430
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
41-1180442
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
42-1180434
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
43-1180437
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
44-1180439
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
45-1180461
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
46-1180453
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
47-1180459
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
48-1180460
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
49-1180480
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
50-1180478

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Caxias do Sul, A&M 824 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
51-1180609

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Canela, A&M 255 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
52-1180659
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
53-1180688
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
54-1180680
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
55-1180683
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
56-1180685
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
57-1180667
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
58-1180702
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
59-1180697

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Cambará do Sul, A&M 830 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
60-1180984
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
61-1180983
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
62-1180971

 

2011, Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Cambará do Sul, A&M 63 Show on map

Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
63-1190088
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
64-1190023
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
65-1190029
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
66-1190025
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
67-1190034
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
68-1190051
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
69-1190042
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
70-1190049
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
71-1190093
Preview photo Parodia haselbergii
72-1190078

 

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Synonyms

Brasilicactus haselbergii, Echinocactus haselbergii*, Malacocarpus haselbergii, Notocactus haselbergii, Parodia haselbergii ssp. haselbergii, Parodia elachisantha, Brasilicactus elachisanthus, Echinocactus elachisanthus, Notocactus elachisanthus, Brasilicactus graessneri, Echinocactus graessneri, Malacocarpus graessneri, Notocactus graessneri, Parodia graessneri, Parodia haselbergii ssp. graessneri
* Basionym

Distribution

Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)

Conservation status

(3)   Vulnerable, VU D2

Comments

To clarify the relationships between the populations of Parodia graessneri (K. Schumann) F. H. Brandt and Parodia haselbergii (F. Haage ex Rümpler) F. H. Brandt is not easy to solve. Hunt et al. (2006 text: 220) still distinguish P. graessneri at the level of ssp. from the type species, for the colour of the flower: yellow-green in the first taxon vs. orange, bright red, rarely orange-yellow in the second. And mainly for the structure / habit of the tepals: half-erect, somewhat speading, but none closely surrounding style, with the stamens visible in P. graessneri, vs. internal tepals remaining erect, closely surrounding the style and hiding the stamens at first, with the outer tepals spreading in P. haselbergiiAnderson (2001, 543) highlights only the difference in the colouring of the flower, and a greater number of radial spines in P. graessneri (60 vs. 20), which also in this case is distinguished at the subspecies level. Backeberg (1977, 84-85), confirms that his genus Brasilicactus Backeberg, substantially constituted by Brasilicactus graessneri (K. Schumann) Backeberg and Brasilicactus haselbergii (F. Haage ex Rümpler) Backeberg ex Schoff, is distinguished from Notocactus (K. Schumann) Frič, and other South American globular cacti, by the short floral tubes and the small spiny spherical fruits. For the characters distinguishing the two species, he reports the colour of the flower, green for B. graessneri, vs. from flame-coloured with orange margins to scarlet, for B. haselbergii, but does not mention the different structure / habit of the tepals in the two species. With regard to the radial spines of B. haselbergii, Backeberg reports that they can be 20 or more. In our experience, the two taxa in habitat are quite similar. In Rio Grande do Sul (BR), the populations of P. graessneri appear to be the northwest continuation of the populations of P. haselbergii. Furthermore, while it is certainly noticeable, as shown in Hunt et al. (2006), that there is a diversity in the structure / habit of the tepals, we also know from the recent molecular analysis (Nyeffer y Eggli, 2010Schlumpberger & Renner 2012, 1347-1348), that the characters of the flowers and the different pollination syndromes, are not indicators of proximity or distance of two evolutionary lines. In this regard, the growth forms of the two taxa are practically indistinguishable. In addition, we observed that in all populations, indifferently, individuals that have greater exposure to the sun develop a greater number of radial spines (A&M 820, photos 03-13; A&M 255, photos 52-57) compared to those that are living in the shadow of rocks and bushes (A&M 820, photos 27-29, 41-44; A&M 255, photos 58-59). The greater or lesser shielding of the taxon seems to be a protection from the sun, rather than the low temperatures reached in the cold sub-tropical climate of the Serra Gaucha (Mata Atlantica Biome). As pointed out, it seems coherent to include P. graessneri in the synonymy of P. haselbergii. (Quoted from: Anceschi & Magli 2013b, 74-75)

Parodia haselbergii (Rümpler) F. H. Brandt represents one of the 62 accepted species in our synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Cactaceae), published in Bradleya 36/2018, pages 70-161. For an update and more informations in our understanding of the taxon (see on pages 99-101, 156), the full text of the article is available here: A synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Cactaceae). (PDF 4.5MB).
October 2018

Genus

Parodia

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